For the 15th of this month we needed to complete model of out buildings. This included correcting the issues with the last delivery as well as adding doors, windows, partition walls, and furniture.
My partner and I started this process by correcting our past misakes, luckily there weren’t too many. These consisted of:
moving one of the grid lines in the South elevation
renaming the second level to being the roof level
deleting the plans that were not affecting the project such as the ceiling and roof plans
place the roof slab and codify its name
complete the balconies
to fix the stair to fit the stair hole and to make the stair correctly reach the top ad bottom floor slabs
My partner fixed the stair simply by stretching it on either side to fill its hole and cohere with the plans.
I copied one slab and placed it on the roof, duplicating it to give it its own codified name. I also removed the unnecessary plans simply using the « Supr » key.
After correcting these we began placing the windows on the East and West facades of the building. These are symmetrical on either side and through the centre as to stay the same in either façade. This was one of the less complicated elements, as we simply went into the properties of the window, edited them and duplicated them as our own with the required measurements.
Next was the partition walls; this was the same process as the structure, as mentioned in that blog post, creating partition walls of 10 cm thick and following the lines previously made on that blog-post.
The biggest set back for this submission was that we unfortunately left it far too much for the last minute and were unable to complete what was required. The balcony railings and windows are missing as well as the furniture and the shutters on the outside of the balconies. Due to this irresponsibility I obviously have a lot less to write about in this blog post, but at least I can say I’ve learnt from that mistake.
We did however make a family from scratch for the doors as learnt the previous lesson. This was tricky but so practical by the time it came to placing them. Here is a step by step guide copied from the notes I took in class:
1. Load family, load family and choose a simple door
Place on a wall (need a wall as a host in order to place the element in the first place)
Choose: Puerta metrica
Download door –> new –> family and open the downloaded door
2. Delete frame on both sides
Create, void forms, void sweep, pick path
Go to 3D view and click door frames then the ✔️
3. Modify sweep, edit profile
Go to floor plan view
draw a rectangle starting at the red dot
This will appear with orange lines
4. Go to floor plan view
Create, solid sweep, pick path
Go to 3D view
Select door frame edges
5. Go to floor plan view and draw frame on void and outside it in an L shape
6. Add frame on the other side as a rectangle without a void
7. To create the door panel:
Go to the 3D view
Bring the top arrow to the top of the frame and LOCK
Go to the door
8. File, load into project
9. Go to project and place door
10. Go back to the door, plan view, annotate, symbolic line
Make line and arc
Select them, modify lines, visibility settings, un-check coarse and medium quality
11. Can edit type and change door to give it different widths and heights and place it in different places depending on what you need by pressing family type and add type
We did this in order to place doors with different widths depending on their uses such as exterior facing doors, doors to double bedrooms (master bedroom and guest room), children’s bedroom door, kitchen doors, lift doors, and finally narrower doors for bathrooms and the parts of the apartment for the use of the staff.
Unfortunately because we were unable to complete the requirements in time I simply cannot write properly nor honestly about those missing elements. But these await the next blog post which surely will compensate this ones lack of sufficient information.
In this exercise we constructed the structure of one floor in between a slab and roof of the apartment building on C. Johann Sebastian Bach from the previous blog post. The first stage in this was to identify the kind of structure is used in the building and identify which elements are structural and which aren’t.
As the building at hand is a wall structure, we started by drawing up these structural walls as well as the slab – with its holes for the stairs and the lifts – in an Autocad file, already determining the correct widths of walls and distances between them in order to ensure their 5cm increments, the importance of this fitting in with every next development of the building and future submissions. This was done by scaling a photo (the same one used on the previous blog post) and drawing directly on it in the file.
Personally, as, at the moment we are working with the same building in second year’s Project Principles, this was one of the simpler parts of the process as it also saved time in other subjects and I already had a decent understanding of the building.
Once the autocad file was complete we imported this into revit. The crucial starting step was to prepare the document, laying out and organizing the levels for the project browser as well, checking units, and creating a grid; as most of the structural walls follow 7 main axes we were able to appreciate the importance of using a grid not only to give someone else who may be looking at the building without having previously studied it a better understanding of the architect’s intended layout but also, quite simply, to simplify the process of making walls and putting them into place. Most of the structural walls (and therefore grid lines) followed a vertical direction and so horizontally there were far fewer grid lines as most of the walls with the exception of the exterior ones and one in the middle. We started with the walls, codifying new ones of the various different measurements of the original building, which were quite numerous, and, as the building has two axes of symmetry the design is repeated and allowed us to place the walls in a systematic manner.
Next were the slabs above and below the floor, at least these were the same so there was only the need to produce one but with its irregular shape, holes and the way it sticks out of the facade this made it a bit more intricate.
The stairs were just a show of how practical and simple Revit can make things in comparison to other softwares. A couple clicks and it was complete. The materials of the building, in the spirit of local construction were few, with concrete slabs and brick exterior walls. Next I suppose will come the partition walls, windows and doors and gradually going into more and more detail of the building as we explore the limits of what Revit can do and the many different possibilities it offers.
Finally, with the straightforward construction of this building and the preparation of the theory classes I found that the assignment produced itself quite simply with no major learning curves but rather an opportunity to practice new skills.
Architects: Jose Antonio Coderch, Manuel Valls Vergés
Number of homes: 12
Façade materials: Glass, brick, wood
The apartment building by Coderch and Valls situated on C. Johann Sebastian Bach and is a great reflection of their early works. These architects had previously mostly done rennovations and residential dwellings which is shown in their inherent understanding in the way of living of the targeted client. The swooping 7 floors of this builidng hosted large upperclass family apartments with a private lift access for each. This load bearing structure is wrapped in brick and glass, as well as wooden louvres. These simultaneously allow for sound insulation, sun protection, ventilation and privacy, changable individually by their owners.
Seperated from its neighbours by two lateral gardens this building hosts commercial spaces on the ground floor. Over the 7 floors is maintained a traditional distribution of space with four apartments per floor and a penthouse on the upper level. In the middle lies a patio with the purpose of ventilating the utility rooms of each apartment. As the lateral sides do not host anything exceptional, each apartment placed on each corner of every floor has two balconies, each on opposite façades working with the previously mentionned louvers to act as light sources and ventilation. This builidng was especially applauded for its distribution and practicality based on the needs of the resident, using private accesses and offering long diagonal visuals withing each dwelling.
It is important to do this kind of structural study for the continuous assessment done throughout this part of the course to better understand which element is which. I find this building to be interesting in its simplicity and complete symmetry throughout as well as the use of lower levels as residential space.
Illustrator too, why does Adobe have to exploit price-setting power in a monopoly system so much and why can’t the trial be longer than one week.
The idea in mind of myself and my new group partner was something clean, professional, and crisp. where things were aligned, clearly distinguishable, organised, tidy. Apparently scale and dimension lines were a no which seemed new to everyone in the group until past the submission date seeing as many did that mistake. On the plus side the renders we did were straight-up pretty, the sun was correct, the building was given more value than ever before, and a nice set up along with a great video that should be in the folder. The concept in mind for the display of this panel was to avoid tacky and kitsch, this is to say, not using three different fonts, solid colour backgrounds, »jazzy fonts », « brushstroke » style boxes around titles, faded fonts, blurred images, the kind of things you’d imagine your least preferred great-aunt who always smells like mothballs to say looks « colourful » and « would look great next to [her] plate with the cats playing with yarn painted on » and your junior high arts teacher would rather go blind than see. Surprisingly enough, that style was more appreciated and more used than expected, but as long as I’m happy with what was actually correct, that’s what counts (literally).
P.S. It was at this moment that I realised there was never any place to wash in the house, no shower, no bath, not even an outdoor hose for the braver and more body-confident ones among us, in any of the submissions of the house, 3D or 2D. Nor was there ever any mention of this.
Autocad renders were very precise and complicated. Setting the time date etc of the sun, turning on the sky and all of this gave an idea of the sun and using views and cameras was also a way to learn what is important and what is not important to display. This was also a way to be forced to understand how to use cameras and all the issues that come from there like thinking it’s dark but actually you accidentally are inside a wall or being tp low or to high, too far, too close, in the slab, in Middle Earth, you name it. In my personal opinion, even though you have to know how to make renders for obvious reasons including the exam, autocad renders just come out blasphemous and quite awful as far as aesthetics, elegance, looks, taste, or visuals go, so it’s a good thing Lumion is newly part of the course, right? Also thanks for the Lumion licence, I’m having a blast.
And here are mine, admittedly the first should be closer but the second … need I say anything
Contrarily to the Christmas practice, the Easter practice allowed me to achieve a better understanding of the program of 3D autocad when I still felt relatively new to it. While in the Christmas Practice I was forced to learn how what I was drawing worked in order to get a successful mark, in this practice the most crucial element was to understand how to use each tool/function and for what. Like in any, there, of course were some elements I found difficult in this task, but found working with and off of my peers I gained a great deal. In my opinion, once I understood how to use the different modelling tools (loft, revolve, etc.) placing things using the axes was not always so straight forward, and creating the layout was a fair bit messier, I had issues adjusting my positioning as well as with the plotstyle, where despite making it so that all the colours came out black, they still appeared in colour on the PDF, as well as with my meshes not appearing as meshes in the layout. Not knowing why or how these happened nor how to fix them, I saw that in some moments in life, one has to accept defeat to learn, and this was one of them.
Furniture was a refreshing part of the practice. While frustrating at times it also forced one to figure things out and imagine, such as what are the geometries of a cushion or a couch and how does one make a toilet as well as getting a better grip of the subtract, union, and intersection functions. The good part about furniture was storing it and the ability to make a bank out of it to reus it for future use. Placing it within the house also was a lesson in understanding the vectors of three dimensional autocad and another lesson in patience with the program and group work. The best part of this however, aside from the usefulness of making all sorts of standard furniture was, after all Leonardo’s toilet.
(IKEA Gladom if anyone’s interested in this lovely little entity)