B6: Park Proposal

 

In this project each group must select a plot within a small park developed in an urban area and develop a use for that space to be used by the residents of the surroundings.

Screenshot 2019-02-14 at 20.23.49
Screen shot of the plaça from Google Maps

The area is mostly residential, located very near the Besòs river, there are a couple bars/restaurants as well as shops in the area, otherwise the buildings surrounding the park are mostly residential with the town court house and registry at the extremity of the park. In in image above North is vertically upwards, which as a result, our plot (number 6 on the image below) will not be getting a lot of shade, which, while being a positive attribute during the winter becomes unbearable in summer; something to take into consideration with the design of the project.

Screenshot 2019-02-14 at 20.33.24.png

For this proposal, my partner and I have decided to make a beer-garden. The first source of inspiration came from the BTLØ beer garden in Gleisdreiek park in Berlin, Germany. The idea behind this was to create a laid back social space where parents who would have come to the park with their children can relax or for young people to have some down time outdoors, in a more social and friendly environment.

Image result for brlo gleisdreieck
BRLØ brewery and beergarden, taken from https://brlo-brwhouse.de/brlo-brwhouse/

 

The plot is surrounded by to others, number seven and eight which also have more relaxed calm purposes. On this plot are three trees and its connected to three sets of benches. The surrounding area is quite residential, resulting in people coming especially if they have children to absorb some of the outdoors. The idea for this beer-garden, in my eyes will work because otherwise there isn’t anywhere where parents can sit and have a drink be it beer, or coffee while letting their kids run around, as any kind of cafe would be near the road and therefore dangerous. This is also a more agreeable place for young people as we will be placing more comfortable seating and there will be trees, greenery, less exhaust from passing traffic and possibly also less noise. With the service point having a more bar like layout the approach and overall interaction is calmer, equally for the consumers as for the suppliers. The positive about this instalment too is that it could be run out of one of the nearby cafes as a spin-off project for reasons concerning competition; or it could be taken as a hub serving a small selection of local beers, coffee roasts, beverages and snacks.

We begun brainstorming on a traced copy of the plot, considering different shapes or position for the potential bar, resulting in the scheme below:

Screenshot 2019-02-14 at 20.46.39.png

Here the bar acts as the nucleus of the plot with seating on it and around it. The idea was that the bar itself could be dynamic, for example have tables folding out from the faces or seating along the sides, it also faces many directions allowing whomever is working inside to have control over the whole area.

Screenshot 2019-02-14 at 20.54.31.png

Next we considered that we should add something for the kids whose parents may be in the area to profit of the space by placing individual trampolines made by taking earth out of the ground and placing a plastic material on top, also surrounding the area in rubber flooring for safety.

screenshot-2019-02-14-at-20.57.54-1.png

We then added seats, the idea behind these was to be able to have seats that can equally be social or work for an individual looking for some quiet and comfort to read a book for example thanks to their bean shape. These seats were once placed as an installation around central Geneva and even during the winter when people used them simply to wait for a tram or to have a conversation with a friend, even seeing university students use them to do some revision in the sun, they worked with utmost success. Unfortunately I could not find a photo of these but below is a diagram showing how they could be used for two people. To follow with these chairs we considered a bookshelf attached to the bar where people could borrow a book to read while dinking their coffee or bear and put back once they finished.

Screenshot 2019-02-14 at 20.55.11.png

 

Once we scaled these and drew them in an autocad file we noticed we had more space than we had thought but still felt that to achieve this sense of calm the space must breath and have space all around it.

Screenshot 2019-02-14 at 20.59.14.png

 

Publicités

Pre-delivery

For the pre-delivery the tasks to do were:

  • To fix the previous submission
  • To make layout templates and and a cover sheet
  • Have two renders, one indoor, one outdoor
  • Create a layout of each floor plan
  • Create a layout for two elevations
  • Create a layout for two sections, one of which through the stairs
  • Create a bench family with at least one parameter and three types

 

My partner and I began by fixing what was wrong in the previous submission. As I aforementioned  in my previous blog post, due to circumstances regarding time and other deliveries we completed very little of the required amount. So we began by fixing the stairs, which we had previously done however it seems as though there was a confusion with files that resulted in this. Next I moved onto the partition walls, these were ungrouped and there were problems with connections and axes, so I decided the best option in our situation was to start from scratch so that I could be sure of everything as I created it. I grouped these and mirrored them, to be applied to the rest of the building, then created a new and separate group for the ground floor commercial space. This part was particularly tricky as on of the central axes to mirror the partition wall groups from was ever so slightly off-centre and caused some confusion, but in the end restarting these walls was entirely worth the effort.

partition walls
Partition walls on a model apartment

Next were the windows along the facades, which were especially used for creating rooms. Although before that were the doors, which were more or less fine in the previous submission however since I redid the partition walls I also decided to restart the doors. Thanks to the previous submission I already knew to make the partition walls continuous elements instead of blindly following the Autocad plan in order for the doors to have something to anchor themselves on.

 

There is however one piece of the building that has a component that isn’t symmetrical when mirrored vertically, so with this I made separate elements for both the partition walls and the doors on those elements.

assymetrical bit
Asymmetrical part

Next came placing the furniture, which my partner did simply by placing the blocks in their designated rooms and created groups, to, once again mirror.

furniture
Model Apartment Furniture

The layouts with labels and text came next, this was a trickier part for me to do personally as I also didn’t have the file we had created in class together (I’ll have to practice). In that came the great plight of figuring out how to change font sizes of text, which as was pointed out to me, is actually quite simple despite not being able to find it and not being the only one with that question. I copied this layout to create the cover page, removing a few elements too. Once I created the layouts, one of the other issues that presented itself was being able to demonstrate where a section is made on a floor plan when it’s in a very small scale, which Andrea showed me today and will be solved for the following submission. Another issue was the boundaries of elevations, when elevations were showing up as though they were sections, inducing a bit of last minute panic but thankfully the solution was a quick Google search away. This is also when I found that it’s crucial to duplicate views for making colour schemes and if making a floorplan to for example demonstrate where a section is taken from.

section cut
Visible section cut marked on a 1:2000 floor plan
layout
Layout

The renders, which were easily made in a couple quick commands and a few attempts at correct lighting.

auxonometry
axonometric render

The last, most challenging part was that for creating rooms and the colour schemes to match since they sometimes didn’t show up in the right colours, or the label was not giving the intended information, however for this I had taken very helpful class notes and therefore was able to sort most of it out alone and am quite confident about it however must remember for next submission to remove elements I don’t want to see such as section markers.

colour gf
Colour coded ground floor
colour 1st floor
Colour coded first floor with legend
colour scheme
Colour Scheme by Room Name

What is still missing from the plan is the shutters but as a measure of prioritising we left them out and, I personally, despite that, am quite satisfied with the overall result.

 

The bench family, I had attempted at home but overcomplicated the design of the bench, with handles and so on and built it up in a non-systematic way ending up becoming frustrated, and so followed the tutorial presented by Andrea in class that day. In response to the comments regarding the points awarded depending on the complexity of the bench, today I added a back and will attempt to add handles in the coming days to the submission.

first bench attempt
First bench attempt
bench 3d
Second, more successful bench attempt
bench top
Second bench attempt in plan view
parameters
Example of one bench type with its parameters

Overall I almost feel more comfortable with functions rather than simply building in Revit, but this way I know what to work with in the coming days to the exam, for example grids in partition walls and roofs, which were not practiced at all in the project. Thankfully I have notes for all of this, and hopefully I’ll be able to decipher them too

Renders

As the revit production of the building assigned comes to an end we were asked to develop 2 renders, one interior and one exterior.

While my renders did not demonstrate what the building should look like as it isn’t finished, the reasons for which are stated in the previous blog post, the renders I believe should be correct. The sun and shadows were turned on and cameras were placed to create the below renders.

 

24b57f1e-a87a-418e-a2c9-c118adcabaeeInterior Render

f3d3b4b1-79ba-4ad6-a4a3-6e4c5f3df91aExterior Render

Ex02: Final Model Sending

For the 15th of this month we needed to complete model of out buildings. This included correcting the issues with the last delivery as well as adding doors, windows, partition walls, and furniture.

My partner and I started this process by correcting our past misakes, luckily there weren’t too many. These consisted of:

  • moving one of the grid lines in the South elevation
  • renaming the second level to being the roof level
  • deleting the plans that were not affecting the project such as the ceiling and roof plans
  • place the roof slab and codify its name
  • complete the balconies
  • to fix the stair to fit the stair hole and to make the stair correctly reach the top ad bottom floor slabs

My partner fixed the stair simply by stretching it on either side to fill its hole and cohere with the plans.

I copied one slab and placed it on the roof, duplicating it to give it its own codified name. I also removed the unnecessary plans simply using the « Supr » key.

auxonometry
Open axonometry to showcase the partition walls, windows east and west, and the missing elements on the balconies.

 

After correcting these we began placing the windows on the East and West facades of the building. These are symmetrical on either side and through the centre as to stay the same in either façade. This was one of the less complicated elements, as we simply went into the properties of the window, edited them and duplicated them as our own with the required measurements.

left
Windows on the East and West facades, with, as mentioned, symmetry through the centre so that each apartment has the same windows.

Next was the partition walls; this was the same process as the structure, as mentioned in that blog post, creating partition walls of 10 cm thick and following the lines previously made on that blog-post.

The biggest set back for this submission was that we unfortunately left it far too much for the last minute and were unable to complete what was required. The balcony railings and windows are missing as well as the furniture and the shutters on the outside of the balconies. Due to this irresponsibility I obviously have a lot less to write about in this blog post, but at least I can say I’ve learnt from that mistake.

 

front
Clearly showing the missing elements on the balcony and the few windows along the front, only placed on one facade and not the other.

We did however make a family from scratch for the doors as learnt the previous lesson. This was tricky but so practical by the time it came to placing them. Here is a step by step guide copied from the notes I took in class:

 

1. Load family, load family and choose a simple door
Place on a wall (need a wall as a host in order to place the element in the first place)
Choose: Puerta metrica
Download door –> new –> family and open the downloaded door
2. Delete frame on both sides
Create, void forms, void sweep, pick path
void sweep.png
where to find the void sweep function
pick path
Where to find the pick path function
Go to 3D view and click door frames then the ✔️
3. Modify sweep, edit profile
Go to floor plan view
draw a rectangle starting at the  red dot
void sweep rectangle
how and where to draw the rectangle from
✔️
✔️
This will appear with orange lines
4. Go to floor plan view
Create, solid sweep, pick path
Go to 3D view
Select door frame edges
Edit profile
edit  profile.jpg
Where to find edit profile function

5. Go to floor plan view and draw frame on void and outside it in an L shape

L shape.jpg
L shaped frame
6. Add frame on the other side as a rectangle without a void
7. To create the door panel:
Creat, extrude
Draw rectangle
Go to the 3D view
Bring the top arrow to the top of the frame and LOCK
Go to the door
8. File, load into project
9. Go to project and place door
10. Go back to the door, plan view, annotate, symbolic line
Make line and arc
Select them, modify lines, visibility settings, un-check coarse and medium quality
11. Can edit type and change door to give it different widths and heights and place it in different places depending on what you need by pressing family type and add type
We did this in order to place doors with different widths depending on their uses such as exterior facing doors, doors to double bedrooms (master bedroom and guest room), children’s bedroom door, kitchen doors, lift doors, and finally narrower doors for bathrooms and the parts of the apartment for the use of the staff.
Unfortunately because we were unable to complete the requirements in time I simply cannot write properly nor honestly about those missing elements. But these await the next blog post which surely will compensate this ones lack of sufficient information.

Exercise 1: Structure

Structure

Produced the 18th of October 2018

 

In this exercise we constructed the structure of one floor in between a slab and roof of the apartment building on C. Johann Sebastian Bach from the previous blog post. The first stage in this was to identify the kind of structure is used in the building and identify which elements are structural and which aren’t.

As the building at hand is a wall structure, we started by drawing up these structural walls as well as the slab – with its holes for the stairs and the lifts – in an Autocad file, already determining the correct widths of walls and distances between them in order to ensure their 5cm increments, the importance of this fitting in with every next development of the building and future submissions. This was done by scaling a photo (the same one used on the previous blog post) and drawing directly on it in the file.

p_tipus

 

Personally, as, at the moment we are working with the same building in second year’s Project Principles, this was one of the simpler parts of the process as it also saved time in other subjects and I already had a decent understanding of the building.

Once the autocad file was complete we imported this into revit. The crucial starting step was to prepare the document, laying out and organizing the levels for the project browser as well, checking units, and creating a grid; as most of the structural walls follow 7 main axes we were able to appreciate the importance of using a grid not only to give someone else who may be looking at the building without having previously studied it a better understanding of the architect’s intended layout but also, quite simply, to simplify the process of making walls and putting them into place. Most of the structural walls (and therefore grid lines) followed a vertical direction and so horizontally there were far fewer grid lines as most of the walls with the exception of the exterior ones and one in the middle. We started with the walls, codifying new ones of the various different measurements of the original building, which were quite numerous, and, as the building has two axes of symmetry the design is repeated and allowed us to place the walls in a systematic manner.

Next were the slabs above and below the floor, at least these were the same so there was only the need to produce one but with its irregular shape, holes and the way it sticks out of the facade this made it a bit more intricate.

004.jpg

The stairs were just a show of how practical and simple Revit can make things in comparison to other softwares. A couple clicks and it was complete. The materials of the building, in the spirit of local construction were few, with concrete slabs and brick exterior walls. Next I suppose will come the partition walls, windows and doors and gradually going into more and more detail of the building as we explore the limits of what Revit can do and the many different possibilities it offers.

Finally, with the straightforward construction of this building and the preparation of the theory classes I found that the assignment produced itself quite simply with no major learning curves but rather an opportunity to practice new skills.

 

 

All images from:

http://hicarquitectura.com/2011/12/j-a-coderch-viviendas-en-joan-sebastian-bach-1957/

Vivienda en Calle Johann Sebastian Bach 7

012

Project: Vivienda en Calle Bach 7

Architects: Jose Antonio Coderch, Manuel Valls Vergés

Completion: 1958

Location: Barcelona

Floors: 7

Number of homes: 12

Façade materials: Glass, brick, wood

 

 

 

The apartment building by Coderch and Valls situated on C. Johann Sebastian Bach and is a great reflection of their early works. These architects had previously mostly done rennovations and residential dwellings which is shown in their inherent understanding in the way of living of the targeted client. The swooping 7 floors of this builidng hosted large upperclass family apartments with a private lift access for each. This load bearing structure is wrapped in brick and glass, as well as wooden louvres. These simultaneously allow for sound insulation, sun protection, ventilation and privacy, changable individually by their owners.010

Seperated from its neighbours by two lateral gardens this building hosts commercial spaces on the ground floor. Over the 7 floors is maintained a traditional distribution of space with four apartments per floor and a penthouse on the upper level. In the middle lies a patio with the purpose of ventilating the utility rooms of each apartment. As the lateral sides do not host anything exceptional, each apartment placed on each corner of every floor has two balconies, each on opposite façades working with the previously mentionned louvers to act as light sources and ventilation. This builidng was especially applauded for its distribution and practicality based on the needs of the resident, using private accesses and offering long diagonal visuals withing each dwelling.

p_tipus

It is important to do this kind of structural study for the continuous assessment done throughout this part of the course to better understand which element is which. I find this building to be interesting in its simplicity and complete symmetry throughout as well as the use of lower levels as residential space.

alçats

006

 

 

All images from:

http://hicarquitectura.com/2011/12/j-a-coderch-viviendas-en-joan-sebastian-bach-1957/

Information from:

http://hicarquitectura.com/2011/12/j-a-coderch-viviendas-en-joan-sebastian-bach-1957/

http://housingprototypes.org/project?File_No=E003

Panel

  1. Lumion is just so mmmmm
  2. Illustrator too, why does Adobe have to exploit price-setting power in a monopoly system so much and why can’t the trial be longer than one week.

 

The idea in mind of myself and my new group partner was something clean, professional, and crisp. where things were aligned, clearly distinguishable, organised, tidy. Apparently scale and dimension lines were a no which seemed new to everyone in the group until past the submission date seeing as many did that mistake. On the plus side the renders we did were straight-up pretty, the sun was correct, the building was given more value than ever before, and a nice set up along with a great video that should be in the folder. The concept in mind for the display of this panel was to avoid tacky and kitsch, this is to say, not using three different fonts, solid colour backgrounds, »jazzy fonts », « brushstroke » style boxes around titles, faded fonts, blurred images, the kind of things you’d imagine your least preferred great-aunt who always smells like mothballs to say looks « colourful » and « would look great next to [her] plate with the cats playing with yarn painted on » and your junior high arts teacher would rather go blind than see. Surprisingly enough, that style was more appreciated and more used than expected, but as long as I’m happy with what was actually correct, that’s what counts (literally).

P.S. It was at this moment that I realised there was never any place to wash in the house, no shower, no bath, not even an outdoor hose for the braver and more body-confident ones among us, in any of the submissions of the house, 3D or 2D. Nor was there ever any mention of this.